Thermostats have become an integral part of the house nowadays. Understanding the wirings in the thermostat and their functions is quite confusing. The Y wire in the Y terminal helps in the air cooling system. Not having one may or may not be a problem.
If your thermostat does not have the Y wire(Yellow Wire), it could be because your house has no cooling system. But, if the Y wire is absent despite a cooling system, check for a blue wire in the Y terminal. Otherwise, replace the thermostat with a 4 or 5-wire setup.
Sometimes, a wire remains hidden behind the thermostat or the wall, which you can use in the Y terminal. This article will tell you the importance of yellow wire and what to do if the wire is missing.
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What is the yellow wire in the thermostat?
All the thermostats do not have yellow wires.
But most of them have it.
The yellow wire under the thermostat connects to the compressor.
This wire is known to control the air conditioning system of your house.
The yellow wire will terminate at the compressor contactor with the help of an air handler.
The yellow wires will then connect to the Y terminal on the thermostat.
Sometimes, there will be more than one yellow wire.
The first yellow wire will help in controlling the first ordinary cooling stage.
The second wire will help in controlling the second cooling stage.
So, you need to add one yellow wire to the Y1 terminal and another to the Y2 terminal of your thermostat.
The Y2 terminal is needed for air conditioners with 2-stage compressors.
How to know that the thermostat has a yellow wire?
To know if your thermostat has yellow, you need to check the thermostat.
Here are the steps to check the presence of the yellow wire:
Turn off the power supply.
Before you check the thermostat, you need to turn off the power supply.
Turning off only the thermostat will not help.
It would be best to switch off the power at the breaker box.
Make sure the system is off.
Adjust the temperature of the thermostat.
If you do not find anything on the screen within 5 minutes, you have turned off the device.
If you have a digital thermostat, the display screen will go blank after the power is off.
Remove the thermostat.
Remove the thermostat from the wall, and let the wires stay connected.
However, you can unscrew the wall plate if you want more space.
You can remove some wires by grasping them and gently pulling them.
You need to loosen the screws, buttons, and clasps for others.
Look for the yellow wire.
You will find that the thermostat will have a Y or/and Y1 marking on the wall plate.
The Y is for stage one or the ordinary cooling system.
The Y2 is for the second cooling stage.
You will see that these terminals already have a yellow wire for the cooling system.
There is nothing to worry about if there is no yellow wire but a blue one. The blue wire is also typically used for controlling the cooling system.
Otherwise, you do not have the wire.
Check for some loose wires.
Sometimes, the technicians run the wire for the Y terminal from the control board but fail to hook it properly.
As a result, the thermostat does not work properly for the cooling system.
You need to check if there are any such loose wires or not. If you get one, connect the wire properly to the Y terminal.
Check the control board.
If you need to know which wire to use for the Y terminal, or if there is any such wire, check the HVAC control board.
See if there is any wire attached to the Y terminal or not. Connect the same to the thermostat.
What if my thermostat is missing the yellow wire?
Sometimes, the thermostats do not have a yellow wire.
It will be on purpose, or you have chosen the wrong one.
As we know, the yellow wire controls the air conditioning system.
If you have the HVAC system, a thermostat missing a yellow wire will be useless.
So, you must install a thermostat with a 4-wire setup.
It will have four wires – red, white, green, and yellow.
Here are some reasons and solutions for a thermostat missing the yellow wire.
You identified the wiring wrong.
We all know, in general, that the yellow wire is used to control the air conditioning system.
But, this wire does not always have to be yellow in particular.
Sometimes, this wire can come in blue.
You will connect the blue wire in the Y terminal of the thermostat to control the cooling unit.
However, sometimes the blue color is also considered the C wire that provides constant power to the thermostats running in WiFi.
There is a lot of confusion about the blue color.
If you are baffled, you need to go with the original colors.
The blue wires are sometimes meant for heating, and the yellow wires are for cooling.
Sometimes, in the case of a 2-stage cooling system, you need two yellow wires to connect them to the Y1 and Y2 terminals.
In such conditions, there might be only one yellow wire.
The other wire in the Y2 terminal will probably be the blue wire.
If these are the real cases, your thermostat is missing the yellow-colored wire, not the cooling system wire.
So, you won’t face serious issues here if the yellow wire goes missing.
The best decision would be to consult an electrician to understand the actual function of the blue wire.
You do not have a cooling system in your house.
A thermostat cannot control the air conditioning system without yellow wires.
This type of thermostat is only installed in houses with no cooling systems.
The thermostat without a yellow wire could be a 2-wire or a 3-wire setup.
These thermostats are only used for furnaces, boilers, and heaters.
Suppose your house does not have an air conditioning system.
In that case, a thermostat without the missing yellow wire will not cause any issues.
Replace your thermostat
You need a thermostat with a wire in the Y terminal for houses with HVAC systems.
So, you need to get a thermostat with 4 or more wires.
The four wires in a thermostat are red, white, green, and yellow or blue.
Sometimes, you won’t see the yellow wire in the 4-wire setup too. But instead, you will find a blue wire.
The blue wire will help control your house’s air conditioning system.
The red wire will be for power, the green for the fan, and the white for heating purposes.
Even if you choose a thermostat with more than 4 wires, you will find a wire for the cooling system.
There may not be any yellow wires, but there will be one for your cooling system.
So, do not panic if you do not see any yellow wires in your thermostat.
Sometimes, the blue wire plays the yellow wire’s role, and sometimes, the C wire’s role. Consult an expert to help you out here.
- How To Add C Wire To Thermostat?
- What If There Is No C Wire For Thermostat?
- 12 Reasons Your Thermostat Is Blank+Fix
Find any unused wire.
Sometimes, a thermostat has a wire unused and hidden behind.
Before taking any step, check whether your thermostat has wires for the cooling system.
- Turn off the power at the circuit.
- Pull the thermostat out of the wall, and let the wires stay connected.
- Check the color and number of wires.
- If you want more space, unscrew the wall plate and remove it to get a better look at the wires.
- Check for any unused wires.
The hidden wire could be a blue wire, which can be used as a common wire or for the cooling system.
If you already have the black C wire but no wire for your Y terminal, you can use this blue wire for the Y terminal.
This wire will play the yellow wire role and help control your house’s cooling system.
How to wire a 4-wire thermostat?
If you want to change the wiring or the thermostat for the cooling system, you need to have a 4-wire thermostat.
Smart thermostats like the Ecobee and Google Nest thermostats will need a 4-wire setup to run the HVAC system of your house.
To wire a 4-wire thermostat:
- Screw a new motherboard and pull the 4 wires through the hole.
- Connect the wires to the individual terminals – red to the R terminal, white to the W or W1 terminal, green to the G terminal, and yellow or blue to the Y terminal.
- Connect another wire to the Y1 terminal if you see two yellow wires. Sometimes, you will have one yellow and blue; the latter will be for the Y1 terminal.
- Once you are done, cover the thermostat.
- Start any HVAC device connected to the thermostat to check if everything is working perfectly.
How to wire a 5-wire thermostat?
You can also change the thermostat to a 5-wire setup.
This type of thermostat is used for any HVAC devices, like heat pumps, air conditioners, and furnaces.
A 5-wire thermostat is a 4-wire with an extra wire connected to the C terminal.
This C wire is a common wire that helps in providing constant power to the thermostat.
The common wire can either be black or blue. Since the blue wire in some thermostats is used in the Y terminal, consult an electrician for the best.
Here are the steps to replace an old thermostat with a new one:
- Turn off the circuit breaker at the main.
- Put a motherboard, and pull the 5 wires.
- Connect the white wire to the W terminal, yellow to the Y terminal, green to the G terminal, red to the R terminal, and spare black wire to the C terminal.
- Cover the thermostat and turn on the power back.
- Start any device to check if the thermostat is working or not.
What if there is a yellow wire in your thermostat but no cooling system?
Some thermostats will have a yellow wire connected to the Y terminal, but you do not have a cooling or HVAC system.
If you don’t have an HVAC system but a yellow wire connected to the old thermostat, you do not have to connect it to the new WiFi thermostat.
The wire is for the air conditioner.
If you don’t have one, you don’t need it.
You can keep it disconnected or use your mobile app to remove it.
- Open the app from your phone.
- Tap the thermostat’s icon.
- Go to the settings, then wiring, and update wiring.
- Remove the yellow wire and click update again.
The yellow wire in the thermostat will control the house’s cooling system and is connected to the Y terminal.
Suppose you do not find any yellow wire to the terminal, but a blue wire is connected to the Y terminal.
In that case, you do not have to worry about the cooling system of your house.
Generally, it is the yellow wire that controls the cooling system.
But the blue wire does the same once you connect it to the Y or Y1 terminal.
Y and Y1 are for air conditioners with 2-stage cooling systems.
In such a case, you need two yellow wires.
Sometimes, you will have one yellow in the Y terminal and one blue connected to the Y1.
If your house has a 2 or 3-wire thermostat setup, there won’t be any yellow or blue wires for the cooling system.
It won’t be a problem unless you have a cooling system.
If you have it, you must change the thermostat wire setup and make it a 4 or 5-wire.
A 4-wire setup will have red, white, green, and a blue or yellow wire.
A 5-wire setup is the same as the 4-wire, with one extra black wire for the C terminal.
Sometimes, the blue wires can be either for the Y or C terminals.
In that case, consult an expert to know which role will the blue wire play.